Coir is the scientific name for substrate that is based on the Coco-nut husk, however many people are still using the words Coco or Coco Peat when referring to the Coir.
This term means using alternative materials as a growing media, instead of using soil. In other words, the system is disconnected from the soil. This method enables the grower a better control on the rhizosphere. Moreover, it is an efficient way to avoid soil diseases and an inhomogeneous soil.
The term originally referred to water-based growing systems, however, today it more recently refers to all soilless growing systems.
The method to define different Cooco peat fractions and the key to matching the right material for different conditions. For instance, Climate, Plant, Irrigating system Etc.
Some plants are more sensitive to salt concentration in the rhizosphere. Therefore, for this growth also possible to purchase Coco Coir at lower E.C. levels.
Usually, it is recommended to treat the Coir with CaNO3 before using it. Pelemix offers the option of buying the Coco Peat after it has already been treated.